Kaliningrad is the capital city of Kaliningrad Oblast a Russian exclave. It has about 450,000 inhabitants, in 2005 Kaliningrad celebrated its 750 years of existence. The territory borders on NATO and European Union members Poland and Lithuania, and is geographically separated from the rest of Russia.

Kaliningrad, also occasionally known by its prior German name of Königsberg is called 'Karaliaucius' in Lithuanian. Lithuanians, cousins to the 'Old Prussians', used to live her). Along with the Polish name (Krolewiec) it is sometimes known as the 'City of the Four Ks: Kaliningrad / Königsberg / Krolewiec / Karalaucius'. Following WWII it was briefly known as Kyonigsberg, the Russified form of the original German name.

The economy is currently booming due to favoured access to the EU for both its inhabitants and goods.