Nizhny Novgorod (informally shortened as Nizhny) is a city in Russia, an administrative centre of Nizhny Novgorod Region, and a centre of Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District. Today with a population of 1,250,615 Nizhny Novgorod is the fourth (fifth according to some other sources) largest city in the Russian Federation, an important economical, transport, and cultural center of Russia. From 1932 to 1990 Nizhny Novgorod was known as Gorky (after Maxim Gorky, the world-famous Russian and Soviet writer who was born in Nizhny).